Knowledge intensity and employment structures in the European countries

Information
Title: Knowledge intensity and employment structures in the European countries
Issue: Vol. 7, No 2, 2014
Published date: 20-09-2014 (print) / 20-09-2014 (online)
Journal: Journal of International Studies
ISSN: 2071-8330, eISSN: 2306-3483
Authors: Grażyna Węgrzyn
Keywords: service sector, employment, European Union.
DOI: 10.14254/2071-8330.2014/7-2/8
DOAJ: https://doaj.org/article/18c438b7d4a743809b57861641d7c6e2
Language: English
Pages: 96-105 (10)
Website: https://www.jois.eu/?167,en_knowledge-intensity-and-employment-structures-in-the-european-countries
File https://www.jois.eu/files/Vol_7_2_Wegrzyn.pdf
Abstract

Building a knowledge-based economy is closely related to innovation growth and should be reflected in the growing importance of sectors that intensively use technology and a highly skilled workforce (i.e. human capital). The growing importance of knowledge in an economy is demonstrated, inter alia, by changes in the employment structure. This paper attempts to identify how employment structure in the service sector depends on the level of knowledge-intensity in a national economy. The analysis cov- ered EU member countries (except Greece and Croatia) during the 2006–2011 period. The intensity of knowledge use seems to vary widely among European countries. Countries advanced in their use of knowledge, having high values of KIE (‘knowledge-intensity leaders’ and ‘knowledge-intensity supporters’) have an employment structure dem- onstrating their structural focus on the industries that require specialized knowledge.