Traditional protectionism versus behind-the-border barriers in the post-crisis era: experience of three groups of countries: the EU, NAFTA and BRICS

Information
Title: Traditional protectionism versus behind-the-border barriers in the post-crisis era: experience of three groups of countries: the EU, NAFTA and BRICS
Issue: Vol. 7, No 2, 2014
Published date: 20-09-2014 (print) / 20-09-2014 (online)
Journal: Journal of International Studies
ISSN: 2071-8330, eISSN: 2306-3483
Authors: Marta Wajda-Lichy
Keywords: protectionism, trade policy, behind-the-border measures, global economic crisis, European Union, BRICS, NAFTA
DOI: 10.14254/2071-8330.2014/7-2/12
DOAJ: https://doaj.org/article/ad74f0a9c0674c309116dcb4a9ffcb33
Language: English
Pages: 141-151 (11)
JEL classification: F53
Website: https://www.jois.eu/?171,en_traditional-protectionism-versus-behind-the-border-barriers-in-the-post-crisis-era-experience-of-three-groups-of-countries-the-eu-nafta-and-brics
File https://www.jois.eu/files/Vol_7_2_Wajda-Lichy.pdf
Abstract

This paper provides quantitative evidence of the protectionist measures imple- mented by three groups of countries: the European Union, NAFTA and BRICS in the aftermath of the last financial crisis. This article reveals that both emerging economies and highly-industrialized countries were very active in introducing discrimination measures against foreign commercial interests; however the dominated forms of pro- tectionist actions were not traditional ones (border measures), but behind-the-border barriers. Furthermore, in the post-crisis era, the majority of protectionist actions took illegible form and were implemented not only towards the third countries but also among the members of free trade-based organization like the EU or NAFTA.