Consumption Level During the Period of Holodomor

Title: Consumption Level During the Period of Holodomor
Issue: Vol. 7, No 4, 2014
Published date: 20-11-2014 (print) / 20-11-2014 (online)
Journal: Economics & Sociology
ISSN: 2071-789X, eISSN: 2306-3459
Authors: Sergey Nefedov
Keywords: famine, year of 1933, Ukraine, Russia, level of food consumption, nutrition survey
DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2014/7-4/10
Language: English
Pages: 139-147 (9)
JEL classification: N34

Territorial expansion of the 1933 famine is a matter of dispute between Ukrainian and Russian history scientists. The former regard the famine to be localized within Ukraine, while the latter adopt the position that vast regions of Russia, in particular the Volga River region and Central Chernozemic region, were affected with the famine too. To solve this matter, the author has the data engaged which concern nutrition survey conducted by Gosplan (State Planning Committee) of the USSR in 1933. These data show that the situation in Ukraine was the most disastrous. The Volga River and Central Chernozemic regions, although suffered from the famine too, were featured with consumption of food products about 1.5 times higher than that in Odessa or Kiev regions. The average daily consumption of 1070 kcal which was recorded in Odessa region in early 1933 allowed life-sustaining activity of a human being for three months only.