DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN PROFESSIONAL LIFE IN SELECTED THEORIES OF CLASS STRUCTURE AND STRATIFICATION
|Title:||DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN PROFESSIONAL LIFE IN SELECTED THEORIES OF CLASS STRUCTURE AND STRATIFICATION|
Vol. 3, No 2, 2010
Published date: 20-11-2010 (print) / 20-11-2010 (online)
Economics & Sociology
ISSN: 2071-789X, eISSN: 2306-3459
|Keywords:||gender discrimination, theories of class structure and stratification|
Taken professional life into account, the situation of women and men differ considerably, which is proven by research on the situation of female workers in labour markets functioning in the Member States. Women earn less and hold lower positions in organizational hierarchy. They are less often chosen to undergo professional training and face greater difficulties in gaining employment. These symptoms of inequality prove that women are discriminated against in professional life. In the 20th century, a number of concepts were developed to account for the phenomenon under consideration. These theories referred either to one dimension of discrimination (e.g. pay discrimination) or to several dimensions. The concepts were introduced both in economics and sociology. The article is aimed at presenting selected theories of class structure and stratification that account for the discrimination against women in professional life, all within the framework of sociological concepts. Furthermore, the author of this paper will attempt to identify the main factors determining the phenomenon in question and discussed within the framework of the aforementioned theories. As for the theories of class structure and stratification related to discrimination against women in professional life, the author will discuss those developed by G. Lenski, F. Parkin, T. Parson and J. Acker.