Mobilizing Enterprises for Regional Innovation Policies

Title: Mobilizing Enterprises for Regional Innovation Policies
Issue: Vol. 6, No 1, 2013
Published date: 20-05-2013 (print) / 20-05-2013 (online)
Journal: Economics & Sociology
ISSN: 2071-789X, eISSN: 2306-3459
Authors: Kristina Zumbusch
Roland Scherer
Keywords: regional policy, regional innovation policy, regional governance, Switzerland
DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2013/6-1/2
Language: English
Pages: 13-27 (15)
JEL classification: R12, O32

During the last decades a paradigmatic change in regional policies has occurred: Cohesion oriented policies gave place to policies focusing on economic growth by innovation. In consequence also the consignees of regional policies changed: in the past public institutions responsible for infrastructural measures received most of regional funding; now mainly enterprises are addressed. Though, located enterprises do not automatically get involved with regions’ development processes. How can they be mobilized for these issues? Primarily on the base of the Swiss experiences with its innovation oriented New Regional Policy (NRP) the article first illustrates the status quo, which role enterprises currently play in regional innovation policies. Secondly, the crucial factors are discussed which determine the interplay of entrepreneurial and public rationalities in the context of regional innovation policies. And third the article derives suggestions from these assessments for the design of regional innovation policies and corresponding regional governance structures.