SOURCES OF INCOME AS AN INDICATOR OF CHANGES IN THE FARM FUNCTIONS

Information
Title: SOURCES OF INCOME AS AN INDICATOR OF CHANGES IN THE FARM FUNCTIONS
Issue: Vol. 3, No 1, 2010
Published date: 20-05-2010 (print) / 20-05-2010 (online)
Journal: Economics & Sociology
ISSN: 2071-789X, eISSN: 2306-3459
Authors: Barbara Chmielewska
Keywords: functions of agricultural holdings, polarization
DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2010/3-1/6
DOAJ: https://doaj.org/article/e3d1440c19584b679fdd748c4ed63109
Language: English
Pages: 49-65 (17)
JEL classification: Q12
Website: https://www.economics-sociology.eu/?92,en_sources-of-income-as-an-indicator-of-changes-in-the-farm-functions
File http://www.economics-sociology.eu/files/06%5B5%5D.pdf
Abstract

The report discusses the changes in the functions of agricultural holdings and how this impacts rural development. The functions of agricultural holdings have been identified on the basis of identifying the main sources of income. As a result of the transformation of Polish economy and integration with the EU, the functions of agricultural holdings have to a large extent changed. Households and production holdings are now treated as two separate entities. At the same time polarization has been noted with two distinct categories of holdings that have emerged: (1) agricultural holdings and commercial farms; (2) subsistence farms, social holdings and recreational holdings. The number of holdings with mixed sources of income has also increased. A farmer family no longer specializes in one domain only and is now multi-professional. In addition, agricultural holdings and rural areas evolved from single-functional to multi-functional in nature.