Long Term Passive Investment Strategies as a Part of Pension Systems

Title: Long Term Passive Investment Strategies as a Part of Pension Systems
Issue: Vol. 8, No 3, 2015
Published date: 20-10-2015 (print) / 20-10-2015 (online)
Journal: Economics & Sociology
ISSN: 2071-789X, eISSN: 2306-3459
Authors: Bozena Chovancova
Peter Arendas
Keywords: passive investment strategy, interest rates, cost averaging effect, indexing, share market
DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2015/8-3/4
DOAJ: https://doaj.org/article/cf0d324fe46d4c65a3bcc0e8c72fbff3
Language: English
Pages: 55-67 (13)
JEL classification: G00, G10, G11
Website: https://www.economics-sociology.eu/?347,en_long-term-passive-investment-strategies-as-a-part-of-pension-systems
File https://www.economics-sociology.eu/files/ES_8_3_Chovancova.pdf

The problematics of long term investing is in the centre of attention of many academicians as well as financial professionals. The population in developed and also in emerging countries is aging and the traditional pension schemes start to experience serious problems. One of the solutions is to establish capitalisation pillars of pension systems. The capitalisation pillars are based on long term investing in stocks, bonds and other securities. Therefore it is important to identify efficient long term investment strategies. This paper compares long term regular investing in conservative instruments of money market (t-bills, deposit accounts, etc.) and indexing (investing in portfolio of stocks that tracks a benchmark stock index) in the USA, Japan and Germany over the 1985-2014 time period. The results show that regular investing leads to the cost averaging effect that proves to eliminate the impacts of market turbulences significantly in the long term. The results also show that indexing is superior to conservative investments in the long term, although in Japan the results were slightly in the favour of conservative investments during the 1985-2014 time period.