Comparing inequalities in health outcomes in European countries

Title: Comparing inequalities in health outcomes in European countries
Issue: Vol. 11, No 4, 2018
Published date: 12-2018 (print) / 12-2018 (online)
Journal: Journal of International Studies
ISSN: 2071-8330, eISSN: 2306-3483
Authors: Viera Pacáková
University of Pardubice, Czech Republic

Lucie Kopecká
University of Pardubice, Czech Republic
Keywords: healthcare outcomes, healthcare inequalities, multidimensional techniques, European countries
DOI: 10.14254/2071-8330.2018/11-4/15
Language: English
Pages: 215-227 (13)
JEL classification: C38, I14, I18
The authors are thankful to the Internal Grant Agency of University Pardubice No.: SGS-2018-012, titled “Using of big data sets for management of selected risks in public and financial sector” for financial support to carry out this research.

Quality healthcare system is a priority for citizens of any country. Citizens’ health is also a core EU priority. The objective of this article is application of multidimensional statistical techniques as a tool for information value added on health outcomes data in European countries and their further comparison. To achieve this objective, factor analysis and multidimensional comparison methods have been applied to the matrix of 16 healthcare indicators on 25 selected European countries. The synthetic variable allows transforming the countries described by a variety of healthcare indicators into one-dimensional space that considerably simplify monitoring of healthcare inequalities. The obtained results are compared with the results on the self-perceived health status provided by the citizens of the same countries. The results of this comparison have demonstrated significant similarity between self-reported statuses and objectively measured healthcare statuses. The results are presented in a visual form using tables and graphs.


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