Change in approach to employee development in organizations on a regional scale

Title: Change in approach to employee development in organizations on a regional scale
Issue: Vol. 12, No 2, 2019
Published date: 05-2019 (print) / 05-2019 (online)
Journal: Journal of International Studies
ISSN: 2071-8330, eISSN: 2306-3483
Authors: Zdenko Stacho
Institute of Civil Society, University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius, Slovakia

Katarína Stachová
Institute of Civil Society, University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius, Slovakia

Agota Giedrė Raišienė
Institute of Leadership and Strategic Management, Mykolas Romeris University, Lithuania
Keywords: employee development, human resource management, organizational learning, sustained education, regional development
DOI: 10.14254/2071-8330.2019/12-2/19
Language: English
Pages: 299-308 (10)
JEL classification: E24, J24, M12
This work was supported by the Grant Agency VŠEMvs under Grant: Contribution of Selected Attributes of Managerial Work to Creation of Internal Environment Supporting Competitiveness of Companies [number 2/2016] and The Slovak Research and Development Agency under Grant: Transformation of the Paradigm of Business Management in Industrial Context [number APVV-17-0656].

Human capital is frequently viewed as the only resource that can be constantly developed, and it can be denoted as key in the long term in efforts to increase the level of organisations. This paper aims at analysing the present state of focus of Slovak organisations on systematic education, on comprehensive targeting of education on all employees, as well as on the assessment of effectiveness in education in the context of a relationship to the region in which such organisations operate. Several partial objectives, such as a questionnaire survey conducted in Slovak organisations between 2013 – 2017, were fulfilled in order to accomplish this objective. Statistical hypothesis testing aimed at specifying the relationship between the region of operation of the given organisation and the execution of activities related to systematic education of employees in it, the focus of the organisation on education of all employees, and the assessment of effectiveness in the education provided by them, confirmed a link between the analysed variables. Positive changes in the selected attributes in time were evaluated by the fixed-base index.


1. Arvanitis, S., Lookshin, B., Mohnen, P. et al. (2015). Inpact of External Knowledge Acquisition Strategies on Innovation: A comparative Study Based on Dutch and Swiss Panel Data. Review of Industrial Organization, 46(4), 359-382. doi: 10.1007/s11151-015-9

2. Bartakova, P. G., Gubiniova, K, Brtkova, J, & Hitka, M. (2017). Actual trends in the recruitment process at small and medium-sized enterprises with the use of social networking. Economic Annals-XXI, 164(3-4), 80-84.

3. Bersėnaitė, J., & Šaparnis, G. (2007). Assessment of Features, State and Success Factors of a Learning Organisation: Aspect of Staff Opinions. Social Research, 1(9), 20-27.

4. Bilan Y, Vasilyeva, T., Lyeonov, S., & Bagmet, K. (2019). Institutional complementarity for social and Economic development. Business: theory and practice, 20, 103–115.

5. Blštáková, J. (2018). Modely riadenia ľudských zdrojov v ére priemyslu 4.0 [Habilitačná práca] Ekonomická Univerzita v Bratislave, Fakulta Podnikového Manažmentu, 145.

6. Brix, J. (2019). Innovation capacity building: An approach to maintaining balance between exploration and exploitation in organizational learning. The Learning Organization, 26(1), 12-26.

7. Chidambaram, R. (2014). To become a knowledge Economy. Curent Science, 106(7), 936-941.

8. Gavrea, C., Ilies, L., & Stegerean, R. (2011). Determinants of organizational performance: the case of Romania. Management & Marketing: Challenges for the Knowledge Society, 6(2), 285-300.

9. Hajko, J., Klátik, P., & Tunega, M. (2011). Konkurencieschopné regióny, Bratislava: Devin printing house, 450.

10. Hitka, M., Lorincová, S., Ližbetinová, L., Bartáková, G. P., & Merková, M. (2017). Cluster analysis used as the strategic advantage of human resource management in small and medium-sized enterprises in the wood-processing industry. BioResources, 12(4), 78

11. Hoole, C., & Hotz, G. (2016). The Impact of a Total Reward System of Work Engagement. Journal of Industrial Psychology, 42(1), 1-14.

12. Hroník, F. (2007). Rozvoj a vzdelávaní pracovníků. Praha: Grada Publishing.

13. Jankelova, N., Joniakova, Z., Blstakova, J., & Nemethova, I. (2017). Readiness of human resource departments of agricultural enterprises for implementation of the new roles of human resource professionals. Agricultural Economics, 63(10), 461-470.

14. Joniaková, Z., Gálik, R., Blštáková, J., & Tarišková, N. (2016). Riadenie ľudských zdrojov. Bratislava: Wolters Kluwer.

15. Kachaňáková, A., Stachová, K., & Stacho, Z. (2013). Riadenie ľudských zdrojov v organizáciách pôsobiacich na Slovensku. Bratislava: Iura Edition.

16. Koisova, E., Habanik, J., Virglerova, Z., & Rozsa, Z. (2017). Smes financing as an important factor of business environment in Slovak Republic Regions. Montenegrin Journal of Economics, 13(2), 129-140.

17. Korsakienė, R., Raišienė, A. G., & Bužavaitė, M. (2017). Work Engagement of Older Employees: do Employee and Work-Related Factors Matter? Economics & Sociology, 10(4), 151-161. doi:10.14254/2071-789X.2017/10-4/12

18. Kruss, G., McGrath, S., Petersen, I. H., & Gastrow, M. (2015). Higher Education and Economic Development: The Importance of Building Technological Capabilities. International Journal of Educational Development, 43, 22-31. doi: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2015.04.0

19. Li, J., Brake, G., Champion, A., Fuller, T., Gabel, S., & Hatcherbusch, L. (2009). Workplace Learning: The Roles of Knowledge Acccessibility and Management. Journal of Workplace Learning, 21(4), 347-364.

20. Marquardt, M. J. (1995). Building a Global Learning Organization: Lessons from the World’s Top Corporations. Industry and Higher Education, 9(4), 217–226.

21. McDonell, A., Lavelle, J., & Gunnigle, P. (2014). Human Resource Management in Multinational Enterprises: Evidence from a Late Industrializing Economy. Management International Review, 54(3), 361-380.

22. Nilson, S., & Elström, P. E. (2012). Employability and Talent Management: Challenges for HRD Praktices. European Journal of Training and Development, 36(1), 26-45.

23. Örtenblad, A. (2001). On differences between organizational learning and learning organization. The Learning Organization, 8(3), 125-133.

24. Örtenblad, A. (2018). What does “learning organization” mean?. The Learning Organization, 25(3), 150-158.

25. Papula, J., Kohnova, L., & Papulova, Z. (2018). Impact of national culture on innovation activities of companies: A case of Germany, Austria, Switzerland and the Czech Republic. Economic Annals-XXI, 169(1-2), 26-30.

26. Pedler, M., & Burgoyne, J. G. (2017). Is the learning organisation still alive?. The Learning Organization, 24(2), 119-126.

27. Potkány, M. (2009). The methodology of creation of basic budgets types in commercial enterprise at the furniture sales. Acta Facultatis Xylologiae, 51(2), 105-119.

28. Rössler, M. (2015). Maschiene fordert Mensch heraus. Personalmagazin, 12, 18-21.

29. Rothwell, W. J., & Williams, T. (2010). Effective Succession Planning: Ensuring Leadership Continuity and Building Talent from within. New York: Amacom.

30. Schlechter, A., Hung, A., & Bussin, M. (2014). Undestanding Talent Atraction: The Influance of Financial Rewards Elements on Perceived Job Attractiveness: Original Research. SA Journal of Human Resource Management, 12(1) 1-13.

31. Skrickienė, L., Čepuraitė, D., & Štaras, K. (2018). Besimokanti organizacija šiuolaikinio viešojo valdymo kontekste [Learning organization in a context of contemporary public management]. Health sciences in Eastern Europe, 28(1), 57-66.

32. Stachová, K., Stacho, Z., & Vicen, V. (2017). Efficient involvement of human resources in innovations through effective communication. Business: Theory and Practice, 18(1), 33-42.

33. Susanty, A. I., & Salwa, M. (2017). Knowledge Management Practices and Organizational Learning Have Positive Impacts on Organizational Performance of State-Owned Enterprises in Indonesia. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 8(3), 281-291. doi:10.590

34. Tansley, C., Hafermalz, E., & Dery, K. (2016). Talent Development Gamification in Talent Selection Assessment Centres. European Journal of Training and Development, 40(7), 490-512.

35. Vázquez, J.L., Lanero, A., & Licandro, O. (2013). Corporate Social Responsibility and Higher Education: Uruguay University Students’ Perceptions. Economics & Sociology, 6(2), 145-157. DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2013/6-2/13

36. Vnoučková, L. (2013). Employee Learning and Development in Organizations. Journal of Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science, 6(3), 179-189. DOI: 10.7160/eriesj.2013.060305

37. Wang, C.L., Ahmed, K. P. (2003). Organisational learning: a critical review, The Learning Organization, 10(1), 8-17.