Сircular economy in the context of alterglobalization

Abstract

This article presents the circular economy as a new economic model, which focuses on the reuse of materials, as well as the creation of additional value through services and intelligent solutions. A number of indicators of the circular economy of EU countries, in particular, import and export of secondary raw materials from EU countries and non-EU countries, are analyzed; the indicator of circularity (9.1%), indicating a significant circular gap - more than 90%. A number of indicators within circular economic of EU countries are analyzed, particulary among imports and exports of secondary raw materials from both EU countries and non-EU countries, including the indicator of circularity (9,1%), indicating a significant circular gap exceeding 90%. Based on our research, we can outline leading European circular economics, including countries which have circular economics that can be considered to be either “outsiders” or “emerging”. We propose to consider these distinations in the context of “economics of cowboys” vs. “an economy of space” as a manifestation of circular cognitive distance. To begin, we use the concept of a “circular city” from examples based upon Ljubljana, Copenhagen, San Francisco, London, and Zaanstad. The economic approaches of alterglobalization in the consideration of the circular economy are outlined. A regression analysis of the pre-conditions of alterglobalization is carried out. It is noted that the circular economy is considered as one of the imperatives of the alterglobalization. Various economic approaches depicting alterglobalization in the consideration of circular economics are outlined. A regression analysis of the pre-conditions of alterglobalization is carried out. It is noted that the circular economy is considered as an imperative within the context of alterglobalization. Main problems and perspectives of the circular economy in summery can be linked with the discussion of the existing economic paradigm. In our opinion, there is a need to move from a mechanical to an organic outlook, aimed at increasing environmental and social responsibility, that is, the formation of circular philosophy and consciousness.

Bibliography

1. Allen & Overy, (2017). Policy levers for a low-carbon circular economy. Retrieved from https://www.circle-economy.com/low-carbon-circular-econo...

2. Auzanneau, M., Calatayud, P., Gauche, M., Ghewy, X., & Granger, M. (2017). 10 Key Indicators for Monitoring the Circular Economy. Retrieved from www.statistiques.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/.../datalab-

3. Brassaw, B. (2017). Germany: A Recycling Program That Actually Works. Retrieved from www.howtogermany.com/pages/recycling.html

4. Cavanagh, J. (2009). Alternatives to Economic Globalization: A Better World Is Possible. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc., 2009. – 408 с.

5. Dumas, E. (2016). Industry 4.0: how intelligent assets will be part of a circular economy industry 4.0: how intelligent assets will be part of a circular economy. Retrieved from http://www.technopropres.fr/ardi_tpss/jcms/z_7786/fr/industry-4-0-how-intelli

6. Eckartz, K. (2015). D3.2 Critical Raw Materials Substitution Policies - Country Profiles. Retrieved from www.criticalrawmaterials.eu/wp.../D-3.2-Country-profiles.pdf

7. European Commission. (2018). European innovation partnership on raw materials (EIP) high level steering group (HLSG) position paper on future orientations. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/docsroom/documents/27350/.../native

8. Faterspa group. (2018). Retrieved from https://fatergroup.com/ru

9. Genoff, R. (2017). 4.0 Cities – Putting the Circular Economy to Work. Retrieved from http://www.govnews.com.au/4-0-cities-putting-the-circular-economy-to-work/

10. GlassOnWeb. (2014). Innovation at the heart of sita, a subsidiary of suez environnement, is making progress in Europe: In Antwerp, Belgium, a new glass recycling plant is capable of making four different colours of glass. Retrieved from www.suez-environn

11. Gray, A. (2017). Which countries recycle the most? Retrieved 2017, from: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/12/germany-recycles-more-than-any-other-country/

12. Hosseini, H. S. (2009). Alternative Globalizations: An Integrative Approach to Studying Dissident Knowledge in the Global Justice Movement. London: Routledge.

13. Kirchherr, J., Hekkert, M., Bour, R., Huibrechtse-Truijens, A., Kostense-Smit, E., & Muller, J. (2017). Breaking the Barriers to the Circular Economy. Retrieved from https://www.uu.nl/sites/default/files/breaking_the_barriers_to_the_circular_economy_white

14. Kraanen, F. (2017). Money makes the world go round. Retrieved from https://www.theodysseyonline.com/money-makes-the-world-

15. Narberhaus, M. & Mitschke-Collande, J. (2017). Circular economy isn't a magical fix for our environmental woeshttps. Retrieved from www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2017/jul/14/circular-economy-not-magical-fix-environmental-woes-global-corporation

16. National Intelligence Council. (2012). Alternative Worlds – Global Trends 2030. Retrieved from globaltrends2030.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/global-trends-2030-november2012.pdf.

17. Pleyers, G. (2013). Alter-Globalization: Becoming Actors in a Global Age. London: John Wiley & Sons.

18. Probst, L., & Frideres, L. (2016). European Union. Sustainable supply of raw materials. Optimal recycling. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/growth/sectors/raw-materials/policy-strategy/...

19. Schlembach, R. (2016). Against Old Europe: Critical Theory and Alter-Globalization Movements. London: Routledge.

20. Waddingham, I. (2018). Innovation of circular economy. Retrieved from:: http://www.mooreandsmalley.co.uk/latest-blogs/innovation-circular-economy/

21. White, E., & Singh Gole, R. (2013). E-Waste Recycling Technologies. Retrieved from http://www.wipo.int/edocs/pubdocs/en/patents/948/wipo_pub_948_4.pdf

22. Wit, M., Hoogzaad, J., Ramkumar, S., Friedl, H., & Douma, A. (2018). The circularity gap report. Retrieved from https://www.circle-economy.com/the-circularity-gap-report-...